The best way of dealing with them is to simply count the number of minims to decipher the word the word 'minim' has 10 minims in a row for example.
Prayers was produced with the authorisation, even solicitation, of the King; an appointment which may reflect the contemporary association between women and the vernacular.
Uncials are large and rounded and the lower case letters are quite rounded too. Secretary hand, by contrast, does evolve, if erratically. Tudor and Stuart handwriting can appear difficult at first, but it is a science with standardised forms, rules and conventions that can be learnt quite quickly.
These can interfere with words above or below and make reading more difficult. Yet, when writing her dedication, Elizabeth was newly placed on the European marriage market, following her reinstatement as a legitimate child of Henry VIII.
Some still await print. Rhetoric was central to this new fashioning of English, with the classical system of oratory repurposed for written modes, including letter-writing, treatises and poetry see Adamson Parr played a considerable role in the advancement of the English-language Reformation in the mid-sixteenth century, in part through the publication of her own religious, vernacular writings e.
Quite why, or how, Elizabeth was given the opportunity to add this endorsement to a letter between her step-mother and her new husband is subject to speculation, although Mueller hypothesizes that Elizabeth was entrusted to pass the letter to a messenger for delivery Mueller :fn.
What is lacking to date has been an awareness that each of these things is a part of a larger phenomenon--scribal publication--which had a role in the culture and commerce of texts just as assured as that of print publication. Hamlet, when he forged the death warrant for Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to replace his own, made necessary adjustments to his usual hand, either subsituting secretary for the gentlemanly italic, or, perhaps, employing a formal secretary hand This encompassed the language used, the stylistic choices for that language, and the genres in which the writing was produced.
Parr worked closely with Thomas Cranmer to create Church of England forms of worship, with Cranmer publishing the Litany an English-language service book in May