As a parent, it is your job to ensure that you create a safe home for your baby. Keep your baby active. Let your baby grasp your little finger and touch your face. Currently, all 50 states require PKU screening for newborns. Cognitive, or brain development means the learning process of memory, language, thinking, and reasoning. Infants react to touch and will turn toward a voice, particularly that of the mother, and will seek out the breast or bottle. This will help him learn to use language. What to expect At first, caring for your baby might feel like an endless cycle of feeding, diapering and soothing. Ask questions and respond to your baby's coos and gurgles. Over the next few days, infants develop their own patterns, alternating from sleep to crying to alertness and returning to sleep. They enjoy songs and rhymes and may try to dance and sing. By four months of age, vision improves, and infants pay attention to bright objects, preferring primary colours , particularly red. Longitudinal studies have shown that birth trauma, low birth weight, and early sickness can affect later physical and mental health but usually only if these children grow up in impoverished environments. Speak freely.
Look around your home for things that could be dangerous to your baby. These infants are born with functioning sensory organs, specialized structures of the body containing sensory receptors, which receive stimuli from the environment. Infancy Physical Development Angela Oswalt, MSW The first area of development to consider is physical development, which occurs in several important ways.
The society initially focused on understanding how poverty and social deprivation affected development, with the aim of using that knowledge to design policies and programs to alleviate the negative effects of poverty. By the fourth month, infants may grasp rattles, as well as sit with support.
For example, a parent who spanks a child to make him stop misbehaving is using punishment, while a parent who takes away a child's privileges to make him study harder is using negative reinforcement. Do not allow anyone to smoke in your home. Most babies reach certain milestones at similar ages, but infant development isn't an exact science. Never carry hot liquids or foods near your baby or while holding him. The human senses include seeing, hearing, smelling, touching, and tasting. Protect your baby and family from secondhand smoke. As you get to know your baby, consider these general infant development milestones. While some senses are fully developed at birth, others require time to mature before they become refined. Male babies are generally slightly heavier and longer than female babies. For example, phenylketonuria PKU is an inherited metabolic disorder in which a child lacks phenylalanine hydroxylase, the enzyme necessary to eliminate excess phynelalanine, an essential amino acid, from the body.
They like to be held close over the heart, and wrapping them firmly in blankets swaddling is often soothing. Common infant motor reflexes appear in Table 1. Infant sensory abilities improve considerably during the first year. Limit screen time to a minimum.
When babies begin to eat solid foods, somewhere around 6 months, they will prefer sweet foods to bitter foods, and fruits to vegetables. The sense of smell and taste are also evident, and infants will turn away from unpleasant smells and express preferences for sweet tastes over bitter.
Trust your ability to meet your baby's needs. Although parents are often the first to raise concerns, teachers and child care workers may spot problems that parents have not noticed or have been afraid to acknowledge.
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